Wisconsin had 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending June 23, 2019, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Temperatures were below normal this week and overnight lows dropped into the 40s in some areas. Humid, overcast conditions continued, though most rain held off until the weekend. Soil dried, allowing farmers to access some unplanted fields and wet spots. Lots of late planting was accomplished this week, but there were also many reports of prevented plantings.
Emerged crops were well behind in development and showing stress from excess moisture in some areas. The first crop of alfalfa was mostly chopped or bagged for haylage, as conditions were very poor for drying hay. Reporters commented that some winter damaged hay stands were in worse shape than they had seemed a few weeks ago, while others were faring better than anticipated.
Topsoil moisture condition was rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 73 percent adequate and 24 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 71 percent adequate and 27 percent surplus.
Corn planting was 93 percent complete, 15 days behind last year. Corn emerged was reported at 81 percent, 17 days behind both last year and the average. Corn condition was 52 percent good to excellent, 2 percentage points behind last week.
Eighty eight percent of soybeans were planted, 15 days behind both last year and the average. Sixty eight percent of soybeans had emerged, 15 days behind both last year and the average. Soybean condition was 59 percent good to excellent.
Winter wheat was 69 percent headed, 7 days behind last year, and 10 days behind the average. Winter wheat condition was 49 percent good to excellent, up 4 percentage points from last week.
Oats emerged was 91 percent complete, 14 days behind last year. Nineteen percent of oats had headed, 11 days behind both last year and the average. Oat condition was 71 percent good to excellent, 1 percentage point above last week.
Potato condition was 82 percent good to excellent, 3 percentage points higher than last week.
The first cutting of alfalfa was reported as 77 percent complete, 10 days behind both last year and the average. All hay condition was reported 41 percent in good to excellent condition, 4 percentage points better than last week.
Pasture condition was rated 61 percent in good to excellent condition, up 1 percentage point from last week.